Pupil Premium, which was introduced in April 2011, is additional funding given to schools, for schools to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils, and to close the gap between them and their non-disadvantaged peers. This is because evidence suggests that the average performance of disadvantaged children is below that of non-disadvantaged children and that their progress is slower.

The Government’s current measure of disadvantage is any child who is or has been eligible to Free School Meals in the past six years.